Private security services complement and support public security. Due to the nature of security services, individual rights and freedoms may be curbed to a certain extent while the service is performed. At the point where private security services and the rights and freedoms of individuals intersect, it is imperative that private security officers be authorized by law. It is unthinkable for private security officers to interfere with the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals, unless they are authorized by law.
Within the framework of Law No. 5188 on Private Security Services and the provisions of the relevant legislation, some of the powers granted to general security units are also granted to private security, provided that they are used solely for the period and duty fields they are assigned. The most important of these powers is the "Authority to Use Force", as the use of other duties and powers is dependent on the existence of the authority to use force.
Problems Encountered in the Use of Force Use Authority: Private security services, the powers of private security officers and the limits of these powers are among the issues discussed by the public and the media. The most controversial among these powers is the “power to use force”. At times – in private security as well as in general law enforcement – force may be used in a manner that draws criticism and/or a hostile reaction. The “power to use force”, which is the basis of the use of other duties and powers, should be employed in accordance with its purpose and within the legal limits
As the aim is not to punish the attacker, there will be proportionality between defense and attack, and the use of force will cease at the point where resistance is broken. In case of a deliberate use of force beyond measure, the private security officer is legally responsible for the result and will be punished according to the law. On the other hand, if a private security guard does not exercise their power sufficiently, they will be incapable of performing their duties, thus putting at risk both their own lives and the lives of those they are tasked to protect.
In addition, private security services are among the risky occupational groups and are their work is hazardous by its nature. Private security guards are required to protect themselves and their charges. One who is responsible for ensuring the safety of others must be able to ensure their own safety first; it is pointless to expect a security guard who cannot protect themself to protect their institution. For this reason, it is imperative that private security personnel have the tactical and technical expertise to both protect themselves and perform the use of force. However, the compulsory training for private security personnel currently consists of the Private Security Law and Personal Rights course, in which the authority to use force is only theoretically covered with its legal dimension.
Krav Magen Security Defense Tactics Training:
These tactics ensure that private security personnel can protect both themselves and innocent people in potential attacks and, in cases where they are required to use physical force or weapons, within the framework of the authority granted by the law and in observance of the principle of proportionality, as well as in respect of fundamental human rights and human dignity, professionally and without hesitation. It is a training program that aims to provide both knowledge and technical expertise
The program includes the following: general principles in self-protection and coercion practices; mental preparation for attacks; the selection, use and preservation of equipment; interview procedures with the suspect; tactical communication; and capture, handcuffing, search and transfer methods. As well, trainees are instructed on sensitive areas of the human body and anatomical weaknesses, a range of holding, hugging and hitting relief techniques, and forms of struggle against firearms. The program also covers cutting and crushing weapons, intervention in hostage situations, and defense techniques on the ground. At the end of the training, the participants are tested with “simulations” and different bad-case scenarios, and they undergo realistic experiences under intense pressure and adrenaline discharge. The extent to which tactics and techniques taught in this way can be used is observed.
The tactics and techniques used in the program have been developed in a way that do not rely solely on power; can be used comfortably by personnel of all genders, heights and weights; and can be used effectively in real life conditions.
At the end of the training program, the participants learn:
- The mental preparation processes of perceiving danger signals and intervening, and gain situational awareness capabilities
- Equipment selection and conservation
- The importance of tactical stances and tactical communication in meeting with the suspect
- Capture, search, clamp and transfer techniques
- Proportionally and graduated low, medium and high intensity power usage options
- They learn to intervene in events as a team.
If training is requested, our instructors visit the organization where the security personnel work. The risks of the place of duty are evaluated, and a customized training program for the organization and the place of duty is created, depending on whether the officers are armed or unarmed. The duration of such training programs is at least 8 hours, depending on the number of participants (a class should have a maximum of 20 people).
For previous trainings, please see the "References Section".